UNICEF was created in December 1946. Since then, it promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything they do.  Together with partners, UNICEF works in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere. 

In Ethiopia, UNICEF provided technical and financial support to the government to set up the National Nutrition Program (NNP) since 2008 to combat malnutrition, to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and to scale up the implementation of the preventative Community-Based Nutrition (CBN) activities in the four largest regions in Ethiopia. 

The Health Extension System remains the flagship programme to provide a basic package of promotive, preventive, and high impact curative health services. The core of the programme is the construction of health posts in all of Ethiopia’s 15,000 sub-districts (kebeles), each manned by two Health Extension Workers (HEW). They provide basic integrated health, nutrition, hygiene and sanitation services to the rural population. Since 2008, UNICEF has supported the training and provision of supplies for these Health Extension workers to practice life-saving services under the Outpatient Therapeutic Programme (OTP) in ca. 8,800 sites.