UNICEF was created in December 1946. Since then, it promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything they do.  Together with partners, UNICEF works in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere.

In Ethiopia, UNICEF provided technical and financial support to the government to set up the National Nutrition Program (NNP) since 2008 to combat malnutrition, to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and to scale up the implementation of the preventative Community-Based Nutrition (CBN) activities in the four largest regions in Ethiopia. 

The CBN programme was implemented in 2008 and includes two main components conducted by the health extension workers. The first is Growth Monitoring and Promotion of children under-2. In this most vulnerable period for child nutrition caregivers receive counselling and regular follow up visits to the household level. The second component focuses on encouraging community participation through community conversations. These take place in form of community gatherings to enable the assessment of the overall levels of child malnutrition and to make people understand the benefits of proposed interventions like complementary feeding.